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9 Things to Know Before Visiting Bulgaria

by David
Sofia Fountain, Visiting Bulgaria

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Bulgaria was one of those countries where I didn’t really know what to expect when visiting. I hadn’t really developed any preconceived ideas and my planning had been very limited. As a tourist destination, Bulgaria felt somewhat under the radar. Yes, it is fairly popular as a seaside destination in summer, but I wasn’t aware of it on the same scale as its Mediterranean cousins.

Visiting Bulgaria was eye-opening then, as I began to learn more about this extraordinary country, its history, people and culture. I honestly can’t wait to return and further explore this little corner of Europe. For those venturing to Bulgaria, here are nine endearing or important things to know about visiting.


1. More than its Coast

Dryanovo Monastery by Bacho Kiro Cave, Visiting Bulgaria

It’s fair to say that Bulgaria’s coast is the most popular part of the country with tourists. But this pains me, as there are just as many fascinating spots throughout the rest of the country. Sure, the country’s coast on the Black Sea is home to plenty of nice sand beaches and historic port towns. However, inland you can find plenty of other remarkable destinations as well. From the historic former royal capital of Veliko Tarnovo, to the immensely cool city of Plovdiv, tourists have their pick of fascinating cities to explore.

There are also the smaller locales hidden away within the country’s dynamic countryside, like the Monastery of Dryanovo or the unique Sand Pyramids of Melnik. Bulgaria really is quite a diverse country and I encourage visitors to try to experience that. For more inspiration on Bulgaria’s destinations, take a look at these photos.


2. Entry and Visa

While Bulgaria is part of the European Union, it is not yet part of the Schengen Area that allows free movement between countries, something many EU countries currently benefit from. This means that when entering Bulgaria you will go through passport control and visa requirements vary. For visa information, here is one place to start, but at the time of writing travellers from Australia, New Zealand, USA, Canada and most of Europe did not require visas for stays under 90 days.

Crossing the border from Romania to Bulgaria, our coach was stopped and border police came aboard. They collected passports, took them away and then returned them. This may seem alarming for some people, that people would take off with your passport without saying anything, but it is fairly common practice in Eastern Europe.


3. Getting Around

Nesebar Yacht, Visiting Bulgaria

For those looking to take public transport around Bulgaria there are some things worth keeping in mind. Firstly, while I never once used the country’s train network, I did not hear good things about it. The people I talked to who used it encountered significant delays and were told by locals that they often don’t use it. This makes sense when you consider the quite extensive bus network there is crisscrossing across the country. The buses are fairly good value and for the most part punctual.

One thing to keep in mind is that most major cities have multiple bus stations, so do check which stations you are departing from and arriving at. Information can be found online at Bgrazpisanie or Balkan Viator, but it always pays to check at the station as I encountered the occasional discrepancy.

Once you’ve arrived, most cities and towns have local bus networks that are pretty straightforward to use. While many were moving towards new ticketing systems, as of July 2016 in Varna, Nesebar, Plovdiv and Veliko Tarnovo you could buy tickets from ticket ladies aboard the bus. Tickets are generally cheap at about 1 lev.


4. Nod for No

Quite possibly the most confusing cultural difference I encountered in Bulgaria. Yes, in Bulgaria you nod for No and shake your head for Yes. In a country like Bulgaria, where English isn’t all that widely spoken, you have to rely a lot on gestures and body language.

That means, simple gestures like nods and head shakes become even more critical. This will take some time to adjust to during your visit, but I found it always helps to rethink what answer you were given to ensure you understood it properly.


5. Communist Remnants

Sofia Nationalist Monument, About Bulgaria

Bulgaria was one of many countries that was under socialist rule during the latter half of the 20th century. During the period, the country saw a lot of construction in the very Soviet/Brutalist style that was in vogue at the time.

Today plenty examples of this period are able to be seen when exploring Bulgaria’s bigger cities, particularly in the nation’s capital of Sofia. Many of the large government buildings in the centre of Sofia are large, monolithic and thoroughly Soviet. No wonder this Communist walking tour is so popular.

There are also monuments, such as the half-dismantled one found in Sofia’s NDK Park. Sofia is not the only place however, Veliko Tarnovo has its fair share of relics from this period. Look no further than the brutalist Interhotel by the river or the incredibly secular church atop Tsarevets Fortress. Further afield, there are supposed to be abandoned bunkers and the like, for those who willing to explore.


6. Money

Bulgaria is another Eastern European country where your Euro is not of much use. The national currency of Bulgaria is the Lev (BGN). Thankfully, the Lev seems to have a fixed rate against the Euro at 2 lev to 1 euro, making the mental currency conversion pretty easy.

For those out on the coast, you may not even need to do your own arithmetic as many signs and restaurants are also shown in Euros or Pounds. It is also on the coast where you will encounter the most currency conversion shops, although be wary of the rates you’re getting.


7. Revival Architecture

Hindliyan House

One of the charms of visiting many places in Bulgaria, at least to me, is the wonderful historic architecture on display. This historic architecture is reminiscent of the Ottoman architecture found throughout the former Empire, but here is known as Bulgarian Revival.

The term Bulgarian Revival refers to the Bulgarian National Revival movement that grew through the 18th and 19th centuries, ending in the country regaining autonomy from the Ottoman Empire in 1878. These houses are able to be found both along the coast, in towns like Nesebar and Sozopol, as well as in land in cities like Plovdiv and Veliko Turnovo.


8. Language

The language of Bulgaria is – you guessed it – Bulgarian. The language is heavily Slavic, but with enough twists to distance it from most other Slavic languages, eg. Czech, Russian, Croatian. As such, it’s not the easiest of languages to swiftly pick up by English speakers.

While English is generally spoken in the tourist-heavy parts of the coast, particularly in Sunny Beach, it is far from guaranteed. Away from the coast, younger people are more likely to know some English but it’s far less common found. As for second languages, Russian is definitely the most common across the country, with German probably next.

The other major hurdle for tourists is that Bulgaria uses the Cyrillic Alphabet. While probably best known for its use in Russia, cyrillic was actually developed in Bulgaria in the 9th century. Not that that knowledge will help you read it any better.

After 3 weeks in Bulgaria, I got halfway decent at reading cyrillic even if I had to sound it out one letter at a time. It will take some getting used to, but to help you start the following letters are the same as they are in Latin: ‘A‘, ‘E‘, ‘K‘, ‘M‘, ‘O‘, ‘T‘. Also, the following translate easily: a cyrillic ‘P‘ is latin ‘R‘, ‘C‘ is ‘S‘, ‘H‘ is ‘N‘, ‘X‘ is ‘H‘. So for example, you now know the first 4 letters of ‘HOTEL’ in Cyrillic are “XOTE”. Good luck with the rest!

A few basic phrases to help you get by include Dobŭr den which means ‘Good Day’; Blagodarya for ‘Thank you’; Molya te for ‘Please’; and Da and Ne for ‘Yes’ and ‘No’.


9. Martenitsa

Martenitsa, Bulgaria Things
One of the smallest cultural habits I came across time and time again visiting Bulgaria was the Martenitsa bracelet. As it was told to me (it differs slightly across the country), this long held Bulgarian tradition involves people giving loved ones bracelets of red and white yarn at the start of the month of March.

The bracelet’s colours represent vitality and purity and indicate a wish for the wearer to be healthy for the coming year. The bracelets are worn until the first sighting of spring blossom, swallows or storks. At this point, the bracelets are taken off and afterwards tied to trees, passing the wishes of vitality onto the tree. During my visit in July, you were still able to find many trees decorated with Martenitsa.


Resources for Visiting Bulgaria

The Trap, Plovdiv, Bulgaria Trip

  • Getting There: To find the cheapest and most convenient flights to Bulgaria make sure to check Skyscanner.
  • Accommodation: Here you can find hotels, apartments and guesthouses for across Bulgaria, plus don’t forget Airbnb.
  • Tours: There are countless day trips, cruises, and sightseeing tours available in Bulgaria.
  • Car Hire: If you want to travel more independently, consider renting a car to drive yourself about.
  • Guide Books: Lastly, if you’re after a physical guide to take with you then you can’t beat a Lonely Planet Guide.


What other things would you like to know before visiting Bulgaria? Have you visited Bulgaria and have other insights to share? Please share them in the comments below.

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California Globetrotter November 8, 2016 - 12:58 pm

This was definitely helpful! We had our big honeymoon planned for Italy at the moment but at 80% sure that we are going to cancel it and do a huge 2 week road trip through the Balkans hitting up Montenegro, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Romania mostly. Keep an eye out because I might be contacting you for recommendations, if you don’t mind! 🙂 I’ve already used your blog for a lot of info!

David November 8, 2016 - 6:33 pm

Glad to hear it Lorelei! I’m such a big fan of the Balkans so more than happy to help if you have questions or need recommendations. Have a great time!

California Globetrotter November 8, 2016 - 8:43 pm

Thank you! I’m just getting started on research so I’ll hit you up if/when I have questions. 🙂

Simon C April 1, 2019 - 4:03 pm

Don’t miss out on Albania if you are doing a Balkan road trip. IMO the most interesting country to visit in the Balkans.

California Globetrotter April 1, 2019 - 4:50 pm

Don’t worry, we WILL visit one day, most likely as it’s own trip! I’m dying to visit!

Tanja November 10, 2016 - 11:43 am

great tips! I might use them one day:) #wanderfulwednesday

vanbrune November 10, 2016 - 9:36 pm

That nodding/shaking your head means the opposite from what we understand of it is definitely new to me! I’ll have to keep that in mind if I ever get to visit Bulgaria. I certainly don’t understand or speak Russian, let alone Bulgarian… 😉

Ahila November 11, 2016 - 7:00 am

Martenitsa sounds like a lovely custom. Enjoyed reading about it.

beatravelling November 11, 2016 - 6:28 pm

Unfortunately in Norway Bulgaria is synonym with party people, so I’ve never wanted to go. Know I should see beyond 🙂

Allison November 11, 2016 - 8:11 pm

These are great tips. The only thing I really know about Bulgaria is where to locate it on a map. I eventually would like to visit but it’s not high on my list. #wkendtravelinspiration

David November 15, 2016 - 11:57 am

Haha that’s ok Allison, that’s probably more than many people can. I totally understand the perils of having a long list of places you want to visit. I hope you reach that far down the list one day 🙂

trekkingwithbecky November 11, 2016 - 10:25 pm

Great tidbits of information! I’ll definitely remember that nodding means no and that shaking your head is yes…wowzers! Bulgaria is on my radar since I’m living in Moscow now. 😀

Rhonda Albom (@RhondaAlbom) November 12, 2016 - 5:52 am

The former eastern block countries fascinate me. I hope to visit Bulgaria and Romania someday.

Jim ~ ReflectionsEnroute November 12, 2016 - 5:22 pm

We did a great road trip in Bulgaria, and although the roads are not the best, we had a fabulous time. We did see the bracelets on many trees in the church yards. Good article.

eileen g November 14, 2016 - 4:23 pm

I know a few people from Bulgaria and friends who visited really enjoyed it for the culture and low prices compared with other parts of europe. nice reminder of what it’s worth visiting the less touristy parts of the world. #wkendtravelinspiration

Paula McInerney November 14, 2016 - 9:38 pm

Like you, I have no preconceived ideas about Bulgaria. It was good to learn more from you about this country. I am nodding my head, or am I shaking it 🙂

RobRob @TravelLatte(.net) March 26, 2017 - 1:11 am

One of the things that intrigues me most in Bulgaria and other former Soviet Bloc countries is the Communist remnants. Particularly architecture and public works. Amazing in their own way, and still historically important. Also, that Bulgarian Revival architecture is great! Looks like another country we’d enjoy just wandering through and admiring! As always, great post!

J>C>B> October 6, 2018 - 9:22 am

Stay away from the coast. Party time is not educational.

David October 6, 2018 - 10:35 am

I think you can still enjoy the coast if you don’t like partying. I know I did.

Freddy Ivanov April 19, 2019 - 3:30 pm

Bulgaria has become really popular for skiing, if you are a fan of winter sports, Pomporovo or Bansko in the winter will rock your expectations!

ivo August 17, 2019 - 11:24 pm

This was a very interesting and informative article but let me tell you this . I am Bulgarian myself . I was born and raised in Varna and then later in my life moved to Canada. There is a lot of misinformation floating out there such as the ” shake your head for NO and nod for YES” Simply not true unless they do that in some small high mountain village somewhere there it is absolutely NOT TRUE the rest of the country. Anyhow useful article never the less. Enjoy and happy travels everyone.

David August 18, 2019 - 5:43 pm

Thanks for commenting Ivo. That’s interesting to hear, perhaps it’s a regional thing. I definitely experienced it first hand in the west and know other people who experienced it as well


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