9 Things to Know Before Visiting Estonia

Tartu Poet Statues, Visiting Estonia

Normally I’d be reluctant to provide tips for an entire country after such a short visit. Yet I was surprised how much I learned about Estonia in two weeks. Maybe it’s because I started with knowing so little about this Baltic country, but I think that’s an all too common occurrence. I certainly don’t claim to be an expert now and there is plenty more of Estonia I have yet to explore, but here are 9 valuable insights on visiting Estonia I think are worth knowing.


1. Not the same as Latvia

It might come as quite the surprise that Estonia differs a considerable amount from neighbours Latvia and Lithuania. People tend to lump the 3 countries together as the Baltic States, assuming their shared geography carries over to thing like culture and language. I know I certainly had that impression before visiting and still throw around the term “Baltic States” too often. It was only when I first crossed the border from Latvia to Estonia that I learned how wrong I’d been.

In truth, Estonia is far more similar to its northern neighbour across the sea, Finland. It’s probably most apparent in the language when you see the differences between basics like ‘bus station’ or other basic utilities. You’ll also find that Estonia has a higher cost of living than Latvia and a fondness for the tech industry like the Finns – the popular chat program Skype was created in Estonia.

I’d also say, without wanting to make a gross generalisation, that I found Estonians to also possess the very straightforward character that you often associate with people from Northern Europe. In fact I’d say Estonia is far more Northern European in nature than either of Latvia and Lithuania.


2. More than just Tallinn

Tartu Town Hall, Visiting Estonia

A common remark I’ve noticed in the comments recently is that people have either only heard of Tallinn, or only visited there in Estonia. This honestly didn’t surprise me much and I really only knew about places other than Tallinn after I started planning my visit. Hopefully, my previous posts on Pärnu and Saaremaa have shown that there’s much more to Estonia than its capital.

For example, Tallinn is not even Estonia’s only major city. There’s also the university city of Tartu, with its serene riverbank and hilltop ruins to explore. Another popular destination is the resort town of Haapsalu, which boasts restorative mud spas and a nice old castle. There’s also the country’s wilderness, from the many bog lands to its lakes and ancient forests. Not to mention, the country’s seasonal beaches. Which brings me to…


3. Many, Many Islands

Saaremaa Windmill, Visiting Estonia

I touched on this in my Saaremaa article – Estonia has a lot of islands! According to the Estonia Tourism Board, there are over 2000 Estonian islands in the Baltic Sea and it turns out that they each have their own unique sights and cultures to share. I’ve talked about the windmills and meteorite craters of Saaremaa, but it is only the biggest island.

Speaking of meteorites, the island of Hiiumaa north of Saaremaa is said to have formed out of the aftermath of a meteorite impact. Hiiumaa is said to have beautiful varied landscapes, from forests to sandy beaches. There’s also the small island of Kihnu, one of the rare matriarchal societies in the world. Yes that’s the right, the women officially run the show! The people of Kihnu still wear traditional clothes day-to-day and look quite the sight, zipping by on their motorbikes. Both of these islands are at the top of my list for my next visit!


4. Getting Around

Estonia may seem like a small country compared to other European nations, but it is still several hundreds of kilometres across so there are still some distances to travel to get about. While there is a limited domestic train network, the country’s buses are more likely useful for wider travel. The train network mostly connects Tallinn with the cities of Tartu and Narva, with international trains travelling through to St Petersburg and Moscow in Russia.

The buses on the other hand cover the width and breadth of the country and provide great value for money. Several different bus companies operate within Estonia, but my pick throughout the Baltic would have to be Lux Express. While they may be a little more expensive, the value you get is considerable. I don’t think I’ve ever had more leg room on a bus than I had with them, plus WiFi and personal tv screens make for an immensely comfortable ride. Broader bus information can be found here.


5. Short Summer

Cloudy Beach, Visiting Estonia

Owing to its latitude, Estonia suffers from short summers. There’s no getting around it. I arrived in mid-August and summer was already mostly in the rear view window. While there were several days where it was beaming sunshine with nice and warm temperatures, it was balanced out by some unfortunate wet weather.

Don’t let that deter you though, as there’s still plenty sightseeing you can do when the forecast is looking grim. I still managed to see quite a lot of Tallinn, despite the heavy rain that hit during my walking tour. While on Saaremaa, it drizzled a fair bit the days I went to explore Angla and Kaali, but it didn’t stop me having a blast. I think if you bring some light rain protection with you, if the weather turns it shouldn’t be a problem.

6. Language

As I mentioned earlier, the closest language to Estonian is Finnish. This probably won’t do you much good if you don’t speak Finnish. These languages are known as “Finno-Ugric languages” and their closest major cousin is actually Hungarian! Essentially, Estonian is almost assuredly going to be unlike any language you know.

Thankfully, based on my experience, a considerable percentage of the population speaks at least passing English, perhaps less-so out on the islands like Saaremaa. For instance, if you’re visiting Tallinn then you’ve got a good chance of getting help in English. Other likely useful languages to know are German and Russian based on the country’s history.

Interestingly, when I first heard people speaking Estonian, I kept mistaking it for Spanish! This isn’t because any of the words are similar but was more to do with the speed and cadence of conversation. Estonian seemed like a really fast and expressive language and I guess that made me think of Spanish. Weird!

Some useful phrases to know include Tere which is ‘Hello’; Aitäh which is ‘Thank you’, Palun for ‘Please’; and Ja and Ei for ‘Yes’ and ‘No’.


7. Intriguing Architecture

Parnu Architecture, Visiting Estonia

Possibly one of the things I most enjoyed about exploring the cities and towns of Estonia was the fascinating variety in architecture you could come across. It felt like you could find buildings from nearly every period in the country’s history, no small feat for a country continually subject to invasions and occupation throughout the centuries.

If you’re after medieval architecture, Tallinn Old Town is the place to go. Then there’s the charming Neoclassical buildings of Tartu, like its pink and red Town Hall seen above. You can find 19th century working class houses in the neighbourhoods of both Tallinn and Tartu, plus gorgeous wood panel houses by the seaside in places like Pärnu. But there’s also signs of modernity in places like Tallinn’s Rotermann Quarter.

One architectural influence I was expecting and surprisingly saw little of was Soviet/Brutalist architecture from the second half of the 20th century. I think this was more a case of me not travelling to the right places than it not existing. Still, plenty of other wonderful buildings to enjoy.


8. Craft Beer

Craft Beer, Visiting Estonia

When people talk about the food and drink in Estonia, probably the most common thing mentioned is their delicious black bread. Since I already raved about it here, I thought I’d mention Estonia’s unsung hero, their craft beer. If you’re a beer enthusiast then this is one country you don’t want to miss.

Having first tried several in Pärnu, I was blown away with both the quality and variety you were able to find. Even in a small mini market, you can find a decent selection of craft beers alongside the national fare. I spent my limited time in Estonia attempting to try as many different beers as I could.

My favourite has to be Tanker’s Sauna Session, a fantastic spiced ale whose name definitely catches your attention. While there are plenty of IPAs and APAs which often dominate the craft beer market, they did also have plenty of lighter ales like pale, blonde and amber ales.


9. Russia Relationship

Estonia’s relationship with Russia is a tricky one, so I’ll do my best to explore it as an outsider. Be gentle.

Firstly, people tend to have a misconception that Estonia is very similar to Russia, which for the most part is incorrect. As Estonia fell under Russian rule on and off between 1710 and 1991, there is a fair bit of wariness felt towards their eastern neighbours. Russians do however make up the largest ethnic minority in the country, at a considerable 25% of the population. The majority of the ethnic Russians stem from the occupation of Estonia by the Soviet Union, although there were small settlements in the country’s east prior to that.

Based on conversations I had with Estonians, there have been some problems with assimilation, particularly around citizenship and language. As I understand, many ethnic Russians either struggled with or didn’t want to learn Estonian, a critical requirement of citizenship. After the fall of the USSR, many ethnic Russians found themselves stateless – neither belonging to Russia, nor Estonia.

These people would come to hold “Grey Passports”, identity documents that established them as stateless, all the while not really granting them any freedom to travel. They were effectively stuck in Estonia, unable to go elsewhere. Thankfully, this problem has decreased somewhat through various measures, shrinking from 32% of the country as stateless in 1992 down to 6.8% as of 2015.



What other things would you like to know before visiting Estonia? Have you visited Estonia and have other insights to share? Please share them in the comments below.


*Disclaimer: This post contains affiliate links. If you click on one and make a booking, I may make a small commission, but at no extra cost to you. 

Why Not Pin It For Later

9 Things to Know Before Visiting Estonia, via @travelsewhere


This post is part of Wanderful Wednesday at SnowinTromso and Weekend Travel Inspiration at Albom Adventures. Please head on over for more great posts.

Wanderful WednesdayWeekend


35 Comment

  1. Really interesting comments about Estonia – not a place that’s really on the tourist radar so it’s very cool to hear about it! I also love that you offer some deeper insight about the history, language, and politics such as the Russian occupation – I personally find that so much more interesting that “X things to do in…”

  2. Isabel says: Reply

    Love this post! So informative, seems like you really immersed yourself in the culture. I would love to visit the islands you mentioned some day!

  3. Very informative! I admit, I know very little of Estonia even though I would love to go there someday. #wanderfulwednesday

  4. So happy to have found this post! I never hear anything about Estonia except a) that Tallinn is amazing and b) that Hungarian is related to Estonian (but this could be because I live in Hungary 🙂 ). I’m planning on visiting this summer. I had no idea there were so many islands?!

  5. I guess “the Baltics” have the same problem as “Scandinavia”. People just assume that all the countries are the same whereas they’re actually quite different from each other. I had heard of Tartu before but obviously, the image of Tallin’s old town is the first thing I think about on hearing about Estonia too 😉 Would still like to visit the country and travel around a bit though!

  6. Love to have learned more about Estonia! I’m especially excited to hear about the craft beer scene there! I’m not hipster whatsoever, although sometimes I feel I’m too old for the scene, but I do LOVE me a goooood beer! #WanderfulWednesday

    1. David says: Reply

      I don’t think its too hipster to appreciate different types of beers. Nice to mix it up with a pale ale after drinking so much lager there.

  7. Sara says: Reply

    I’ve never been to Estonia but it’s been on my list for a long time. Our tour guides in Hungary told us about it being so close to Finnish! I was fascinated by that; I would love to study the pathway of language to better understand how these languages are related. The grey passport problem is also interesting to me. I wonder if we will see something like that in the US when they decide what to do with the undocumented population. I guess we essentially kind of already have those individuals who are in limbo. Things to think about.

  8. Some very interesting tidbits about Estonia. Yes, I have grouped Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia as ‘similar’ Baltic states (I won’t do that again). The grey visas must be very frustrating for persons unable to go back to what they were familiar with yet unable to become citizens because they did not want to learn the language.

  9. Tanja says: Reply

    very interesting! I didn’t realize that it’s got islands:) #wkdtravelinspiration

  10. That was such a great read! I’m guilty of being one of those people who has only heard of Talinn but if I do get the chance to visit Estonia I’ll be sure to go further afield! Thank you for sharing! X

  11. Oh David, you had me at Craft Beer! Okay, and the architecture, and the islands, and… Loved the post on Saaremaa, and this is a great primer for more of the country. We are fascinated with the Baltics, and would love to spend some time in Estonia. Thanks for sharing your trip and experiences!

  12. My geography is terrible (despite my love of travel) so the fact that Estonia has islands is news to me. For the black bread and the craft beer, I’m totally there 😉 #wkdtravelinspiration

  13. Estonia looks like an interesting place and I was told that I needed to visit Tallinn. Great history and stunning photos. Love the cobblestone streets, architecture and the many islands. Thanks for sharing 🙂

  14. tracystravels10 says: Reply

    Really interesting stuff to know! definitely somewhere for us to visit in the future!

  15. Great information! It’s funny that Estonian sounds like Spanish. I’m going to have to ask my Estonian friend to give me a demo of the language now.

    1. David says: Reply

      I’d say the individual words don’t sound like Spanish, but but just the speed and way the language flows in natural conversation made me think of it. Your friend will probably think I’m nuts!

      1. thriftytrails says: Reply

        So I asked my friend to talk to me in Estonian and I agree with you! It can be confused with Spanish. I told him how you mentioned its similarity to Spanish and he thought about it and agreed as well haha. I sometimes think Japanese sounds like Spanish because of the consonant, vowel, consonant, vowel pattern.

  16. inlocamotion says: Reply

    Really informative post! I knew absolutely nothing about Estonia, but I know what to refer to when I get around to going 😛 Thanks for sharing this!!

  17. All these facts are so true. I need to get back to Estonia and explore some of her islands…such a beautiful country.

    Thanks for linking up with #wkendtravelinspiration! See you again next week!

  18. Midori says: Reply

    Exactly the post I needed! I’m planing to go this year! thanks!

  19. We loved Tallinn, I’m sure we’d love the rest of the country too. Plus I’ll go anywhere to try a new beer. Thanks for linking up with #wkendtravelinspiration, see you next week!

  20. We are total beer nerds and will definitely be adding Estonia to the bucket list now. The black bread also sounds intriguing. We are curious, is it similar to pumpernickel bread?

    1. David says: Reply

      I do think there’s a similarity to it yes, they’re both sweet rye breads. Delicious!

  21. paulandcarolelovetotravel says: Reply

    Not somewhere that we have thought about. This is a really useful post for visiting Estonia, great information. #feetdotravel

  22. Wow, I literally knew nothing about Estonia so this is a fascinating post! I love seeing generalisations in culture like you did noticing the similarities to Finland 😀 It’s like you can almost see the whole history of the place happening before your eyes – if that makes sense! haha.

  23. Lisa (Simple Sojourner) says: Reply

    I like it! Off the beaten path somewhat and a quaint areas to explore. All these areas have so much history and wonderful architecture. Good food & beer are always a plus. Will definitely pin for a future visit.

  24. Estonia hadn’t really made it to my list, not for any other reason than I didn’t know much about it and the list is pretty long. Thanks for all the details on history, politics, language and beer. Estonia has been added.

  25. Craft beer is definitely enough! I’ve been to Estonia as a kid but need to go back and explore properly. Fortunately, I speak Russian which will make it easier to communicate. I am super excited about the delicious bread too! Great tips and will prove genuinely useful!

    1. David says: Reply

      Hope you get a chance to visit mate, I think you’d like it.

  26. Well done on portraying Estonia. It’s always interesting to hear how “outsiders” see our country and I am glad you are one of the few who actually knows what they are talking about haha! Makes me wonder I should start blogging about Estonia too maybe? So glad to see you are opening people’s eyes about the many things I always struggle with when someone asks me where Im from.

    1. David says: Reply

      Thank you so much Kreete. Knowing you would read this made me extra careful haha. Happy to share your fantastic homeland with people.

  27. Barry says: Reply

    Estonia is a very interesting place. One of my best friends is an Estonian Russian and when I visited him and his parents they speak in Russian, eat popular Russian dishes, watch Russian TV etc. Yet his girlfriend is Estonian and doesn’t speak any Russian – so they speak in Estonian (or English when I’m around). Its takes a bit to get your head around it but I suppose it’s like any other country with a large overseas community. Apparently it can be a touchy subject though as I’m told some shopkeepers will only speak to you in Russian, with naturally annoys some Estonians.

  28. This is such an interesting post and I felt I learnt so much about Estonia from reading it contains detail that is sometimes missed (or is difficult to express) in a blog post about certain cities visited. I did not know that Estonia are responsible for Skype and I am surprised to learn that the language is similar to Finnish! Thank you for taking the time to write this and I loved reading Kreete’s perspective on this blog as well 🙂 #feetdotravel

  29. I learn more about these countries from you than any other source. I had no idea Skype was created here – I’m really surprised about that! There’s a lot of great tips here on experiencing the country!

Leave a Reply