Photo Series: The Medieval Marvels of Carcassonne, France

Citadel View, Carcassone

There are certain places around the world, where you feel like time has stood still. Carcassonne in the south of France is one such place. Now the town centre itself may not seem overly special, but the town’s medieval hilltop citadel is another story. Found in the Occitanie region in a plain below the Pyrenees, Carcassonne is also close to the popular city of Toulouse. The town is pretty much in the perfect location to be included in a holiday through the south of France. If you’re not convinced, maybe these Carcassonne photos below will help.


Why Carcassonne?

I heard about the medieval citadel of Carcassonne in rather a strange way. You see, when I was young there was a Carcassonne board game, where you use tiles to strategically construct a medieval landscape. Ever since, I had the desire to visit the real life town. But Carcassonne is more than just a name of a boardgame.

In fact, Carcassonne is a modest town that hosts an immense medieval citadel drawn straight from fiction. A UNESCO recognised historical landmark, the citadel or Cité de Carcassonne, was once the site of the town before the modern town was built in the 13th century. Its fortifications date back to the 4th century when the Romans built them to defend the previously Gaulish town. Thanks to its location along historic borders, Carcassonne saw plenty of wars, passed hands many times and as such has a pretty intriguing story.

Cite View, Carcassone


The Town Below

Before getting to the citadel in all its glory, first a little on the modern town of Carcassonne. Although the town is quite spread out, the town centre is actually compact and easy to navigate. Known as Ville Basse, there isn’t too much of note here, beyond several churches, a square or two and the town wall remains. However, Ville Basse is situated on the Canal du Midi, which is part of a popular canal network joining the Mediterranean Sea with the Atlantic. So it tends to support visitors from the canals as well as for the citadel.

The modern town is separated from the medieval citadel by the River Aude. Joining both sides is the distinguished Pont Vieux bridge, where you’re likely to get your first proper look at the citadel. As I was visiting in March, the feeling of winter still hung in the air, despite bursts of green life appearing occasionally. Below the citadel walls is a small residential district, with citadel towers popping up all over the place.

Town Square, Carcassone

Carcassone Streets

City Gate, Carcassone

Aude River Path, Carcassone

Aude River, Carcassone

City Below, Carcassone

Citadel Above, Carcassone

Medieval Street Art


Citadel Fortifications

After crossing the Aude River and finding one of the paths up to the citadel walls, a short walk up will bring you to one of its gates. If the fortifications look mighty from afar, they’re even more imposing up close. They just seem to stretch off into the distance, making it hard to gauge how a big of a town exists inside.

During my two days in Carcassonne, I entered the citadel from both the Porte D’Aude and the Porte Narbonnaise, so as to not miss anything. From both of the main entrances, you enter through solemn gates and find yourself between the citadel’s two layers of walls. Different parts of these walls date from different periods, with some tracing their history back to the Romans and others from the 13th century. There were actually plans by the French government to destroy the citadel in the 19th century. Thankfully, a local couple fought to preserve it and instead architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc renovated its fortifications

Citadel Path, Carcassone

Outer Walls, Carcassone

Citadel Walls, Carcassone

Citadel Towers, Carcassone

Citadel Gate, Carcassone

Ramparts, Carcassone

Inner and Outer Walls, Carcassone

Outer Walls, Carcassone


Inside the Walls

Once within the citadel, you realise that it really was a fortified town in its day. Much of that medieval character has been preserved, from the cobbled streets to traditional medieval houses. Because tourism is so important to Carcassonne, you can find a number of hotels, auberges, restaurants and boutique stores. Even still, you barely have to imagine what Carcassonne must have been like during the Middle Ages.

Probably the biggest change is how peaceful the citadel now is. As a desirable strategic fortification, Carcassonne belonged to amongst others the Romans, Visigoths and Saracens. It was also a setting for possibly the Crusades against the Cathars in 1209. After a lengthy siege, the residents of Carcassonne were exiled from their homes. Afterwards, the town passed into the hands of the Kingdom of France, where it remained important until the French border expanded in 1659. Then came the decline.

Citadel Gates, Carcassone

Medieval Streets, Carcassone

Carcassone Streets

Citadel Streets, Carcassone

Medieval Streets, Carcassone

Citadel Square, Carcassone

Medieval Town, Carcassone


Exploring the Castle

Although the citadel walls protected the town and its people, they also protected the citadel castle. Known as Chateau Comtal, this large castle is separated from the town by a small ditch and is integrated into the inner town walls. The castle was added to the exisiting fortifications in the 11th century, under the ownership of a local dynasty, the Trencavels.

Visiting the citadel is free to the public, but the castle has an entrance fee and opening hours. While you can take a guided tour, you’re also welcome to explore on you own. A visit to the castle includes walking through interior chambers, courtyards and a museum with artwork and a large marble fountain.

Castle Keep, Carcassone

Outer Courtyard, Carcassone

Inner Courtyard, Carcassone

Castle Views, Carcassone


Citadel Views

From the castle, you also gain access to two stretches of the inner walls and can walk along them. From the walls you’re able to look back into the citadel as well as be treated to some spectacular city views. The walls offer unique vantage points that you’re unlikely to encounter elsewhere in the citadel. The walk along the castle walls also includes several watchtowers, some that were important symbols of feudal power. Up on the walls you may feel one of the two strong regional winds, the freezing Cers off the mountains or the warm Altanus off the sea.

Citadel Rooftops, Carcassone

Carcassone Castle

Citadel Inner Ramparts, Carcassone

Fortifications View, Carcassone

Church View, Carcassone

Carcassone Cityscape


Visiting Carcassonne

Carcassone by Night

  • My choice in airbnb was rather disappointing, but thankfully for you there are a wide range of hotels and guesthouses available for Carcassonne, most of which are in Ville Basse;
  • There are lots and lots of bars and restaurants found around Place Carnot in the town centre, but if you are looking for some delicious crepes, I suggest Le Ble Noir;
  • Carcassonne train station sits on an important train route connecting Narbonne and Toulouse. This means the town is easily accessible by train, although driving and by canal are other options.


Have you ever been to Carcassonne or played the board game even? Does this look like somewhere you’d love to explore? Please share your thoughts in the comments below.

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Why Not Pin It for Later

Photo Series: The Medieval Marvels of Carcassone, a Historic Citadel in the South of France, via @travelsewhere

Photo Series: The Medieval Marvels of Carcassone, a Historic Citadel in the South of France, via @travelsewhere Photo Series: The Medieval Marvels of Carcassone, a Historic Citadel in the South of France, via @travelsewhere


This post is part of The Weekly Postcard at California Globetrotter. Please head on over for more great posts.
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15 Comment

  1. I did spend a few hours in Carcassonne several years ago on my way back home from Toulouse. Sadly I did not have time to visit the castle, only saw it in the distance. It really look amazing on your photos and it is on my list of places to visit one day. 🙂

    1. David says: Reply

      Jesper, it’s a pity that you didnt have time to visit but it’s definitely worth a return visit. Thanks for commenting!

  2. My husband has been wanting to visit for ages and we hoped to fit it in before we moved to Australia but no luck! I will share this post with him as I know he will be interested! Also pinning it for when we get there!!

    1. David says: Reply

      Sorry to hear it didnt fit into your plans Tracy, but I’m sure you and your husband will have the chance at some stage!

  3. Finally! I’m so excited for this post because I’ve wanted to go here forevvvver!! So glad you included a bit about the town too and not just the castle! I’m just so in love with all those turrets!! How funny you learned about it from a board game!

  4. I love France because so many medieval buildings remained; Carcasonne is one of the best places to visit! #TheWeeklyPostcard

  5. Sara says: Reply

    Carcassonne looks like an interesting mix-up of several different (beautiful) architectural styles. The castle does look particularly enchanting; I half expect that it’s guarded by King Arthur and his knights.

  6. sharon says: Reply

    The castle is especially striking lit up at night. I would like to visit here because of the city’s role in WWII. We can be thankful the castle wasn’t destroyed in the 1940s!

    1. The city didn’t play any role during WWII. It was occupied by Nazis but that’s all…

  7. Ruth says: Reply

    Have to admit I am not that attracted to France but I would go just to visit this town (actually, the southern part of the country is kind of appealing to me because of the Roman ruins). I can resist an awesome fortification and it seems like this one is out of this world. #TheWeeklyPostcard

  8. We visited Carcassone several decades ago. It was fantastic. I remember walking the walls with our children. it is something I would love to do again.

  9. Great photos. I’ve travelled quite a bit in southern France but I’ve not made it to Carcassonne. We’re considering an extended road trip in 2019 so maybe we could head there then. I love the Pyrenees too. #Theweeklypostcard

  10. Funny that you mentioned the board game. That was the first thing that I thought about when I saw your blog post title! The castle looks beautiful – I love the look of the pointed roofs.

  11. Being fanatics for castles and Medieval old towns, you’d think we would have been to Carcassonne already. But no! This is definitely on the To Do list for our next trip to France. At this rate, we’re going to have to go often and stay longer! 😉 Thanks for linking up with #TheWeeklyPostcard.

  12. Hello David, Thank you very much for this beautiful article about our city Carcassonne. In the Lower Towxn there are many things to see but they remain “secret” for most of tourists who focus on the old citadel… Mediaeval and Baroque chapels, old mansions from the 17th and 18th centuries, museum of Fine Arts…. maybe you will discover that during a second stay here 😉

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